Study Tracks U.S. Military Members' Malaria Rates

Malaria rates among members of the U.S. military who were born in western Africa were 44 times higher during 2002-2010 than rates for members who were born in the United States, authors of a paper being published in the September issue of CDC's Emerging Infectious Diseases journal report.

A study being published in the September issue of CDC's Emerging Infectious Diseases journal found that malaria rates among members of the U.S. military who were born in western Africa were 44 times higher during 2002-2010 than rates for members who were born in the United States. The authors -- Ellen R. Wertheimer, John F. Brundage, and Mark M. Fukuda from the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center in Silver Spring, Md. -- report that military members account for 5 to 10 percent of all malaria cases reported in the United States.

Still, their analysis of the U.S. armed forces' routine health surveillance data for this period found only 835 total cases of malaria, with the United States, Nigeria, and Ghana being the most frequent known birth countries among those patients. The highest rates were for military members who had been born in Cote d'Ivoire, Togo, Cameroon, and Ghana. The 30.5 per 100,000 person-years rate for those born in seven western African countries was 44 times higher than the 0.70 rate for U.S.-born members.

Their explanation for the higher rate for this population group is simple: Most of the malaria infections acquired by those who were born in western Africa "were probably acquired during visits to their birth countries," the authors concluded. U.S. military members are informed of malaria risks and countermeasures before deploying to malaria-endemic areas, but before personal travel, counseling about malaria prevention may not be readily available and use of countermeasures isn't enforced, they wrote.

People who live in malaria-endemic countries develop partial immunity from repeated exposure to malaria parasites, but this immunity wanes when they leave their country of origin; the military members may not realize this. They recommend pretravel counseling and encouraging compliance with chemoprophylactic regimens before, during, and after visits to birth countries.

Download Center

HTML - No Current Item Deck
  • Get the Ultimate Guide to OSHA Recordkeeping

    OSHA’s Form 300A posting deadline is February 1! Are you prepared? To help answer your key recordkeeping questions, IndustrySafe put together this guide with critical compliance information.

  • Steps to Conduct a JSA

    We've put together a comprehensive step-by-step guide to help you perform a job safety analysis (JSA), which includes a pre-built, JSA checklist and template, steps of a JSA, list of potential job hazards, and an overview of hazard control hierarchy.

  • Everything You Need to Know about Incident investigations

    Need some tips for conducting an incident investigation at work after there’s been an occupational injury or illness, or maybe even a near miss? This guide presents a comprehensive overview of methods of performing incident investigations to lead you through your next steps.

  • Free Safety Management Software Demo

    IndustrySafe Safety Management Software helps organizations to improve safety by providing a comprehensive toolset of software modules to help businesses identify trouble spots; reduce claims, lost days, OSHA fines; and more.

  • Industry Safe
Bulwark CP

OH&S Digital Edition

  • OHS Magazine Digital Edition - October 2020

    October 2020

    Featuring:

    • FACILITY SECURITY
      EHS Compliance: Make it Personal
    • FOOT PROTECTION
      Choosing the Right Safety Shoe for Your Industry
    • HAND PROTECTION
      A Requirements Checklists for Work Safety Gloves
    • COVID-19 MANAGEMENT
      Contemporary Issues in HSE Management
    View This Issue