AHA: 5 Dietary Patterns Exist Among U.S. Adults

The researchers found clear differences in dietary patterns across demographic and socioeconomic groups.

Scientists say they have identified five eating patterns for U.S. adults that are strongly influenced by age, race, region, gender, income, and education.

Presenting their findings at the American Heart Association’s Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism 2012 Scientific Sessions, the scientists said the five dietary patterns are:

  • Southern — fried, processed meats and sugar sweetened beverages
  • Traditional — Chinese and Mexican food, pasta dishes, pizza, soup, and other mixed dishes including frozen or takeout meals
  • Healthy — mostly fruits, vegetables, and grains
  • Sweets — large amounts of sweet snacks and desserts
  • Alcohol — proteins, alcohol, and salads

They based the patterns on results of food frequency questionnaires of 21,636 black and white adults ages 45 and older. This 110-food-item questionnaire was designed to estimate the usual and customary intake of a wide array of nutrients and food groups.

“We believe focusing research on dietary patterns better represents how people eat, compared to single foods or nutrients,” said Suzanne Judd, Ph.D., study author and assistant professor of biostatistics at the University of Alabama-Birmingham.

The researchers also found clear differences in dietary patterns across demographic and socioeconomic groups:

  • Blacks were more likely than whites to eat a Southern dietary pattern.
  • Men, people making less than $35,000 a year, and those who weren’t college graduates were more likely to follow the Southern pattern of eating than women, those who made more money, or those who were more educated.
  • Blacks tended to not eat the alcohol dietary pattern.
  • People ages 45 to 54 tended to eat a traditional dietary pattern.
  • Those 75 years and older were likely to not eat the traditional dietary pattern.
  • College educated adults tended to not eat the Southern dietary patter

“We hope that understanding these patterns will be informative in understanding the role of diet in health and disease disparities,” Judd said.

Bulwark FR Quiz

OH&S Digital Edition

  • OHS Magazine Digital Edition - September 2020

    September 2020

    Featuring:

    • WINTER HAZARDS
      Winter Hazards Preparation Should Kick Off in the Fall Months
    • OIL & GAS
      How Safety Has Become a Priority for the Oil Sector
    • COMBUSTIBLE DUST
      Protecting the Plant from Catastrophic Combustible Dust Explosions
    • FACILITY SAFETY
      Empowering Workers in an Uncertain World
    View This Issue