OSHA and Crane, Hoist, Monorail Partners Renew Alliance

OSHA is particularly keen to reduce worker exposures to electrical shock, electrocution, falls from elevation, and being struck by moving equipment through the latest alliance renewal.

Continued outreach and education were themes embraced on both sides of the table as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and its Crane, Hoist and Monorail (CHM) Partners extended their alliance for a further five years on Feb. 2, 2016. These crane, hoist and monorail partners are the overhead lifting product groups of trade association Material Handling Industry (MHI), namely Crane Manufacturers Association of America (CMAA), Hoist Manufacturers Institute (HMI) and Monorail Manufacturers Association (MMA).

Caption: Seated: Chris Becker, Crane Manufacturers Association of America (CMAA); Rob Beightol, Monorail Manufacturers Association (MMA); Dr. David Michaels, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA); Bob Burkey, Hoist Manufacturers Institute (HMI); and Matt Smurr, Material Handling Industry (MHI). Standing: Bill Schneider Jr., CMAA; Josh Arwood, CMAA; and Chris Hess, HMI.Through its Alliance Program, OSHA works with unions, consulates, trade and professional organizations, faith- and community-based organizations, businesses, and educational institutions to prevent workplace fatalities, injuries, and illnesses. It is particularly keen to reduce worker exposures to electrical shock, electrocution, falls from elevation, and being struck by moving equipment through the latest alliance renewal.

"Our alliance with CHM has been invaluable in helping to reduce and prevent serious or fatal incidents in the material handling industry," said Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health Dr. David Michaels. "We will continue to focus on efforts and resources that implement best industry practices that help keep crane, hoist, and monorail operators safe and healthy."

Matthew Smurr, managing executive of the overhead groups and senior director, solution and product groups, at MHI, said the alliance "is a direct and valuable connection to the U.S. regulatory agency for workplace safety that is beneficial to both sides."

"The renewal of the alliance is a huge validation of the CMAA's commitment to provide a safe product," said Chris Becker, president of CMAA and member company G.W. Becker Inc. "Our members manufacture the safest overhead lifting equipment available to end users, supported by the best possible information and literature, but the OSHA alliance adds significant validity to that message."

The original CHM Alliance was signed in October 2005, with subsequent renewals following since. This is the sole alliance any MHI product group has with OSHA; due to budgetary considerations, OSHA has recently focused on keeping only those alliances with demonstrable value. It is significant that OSHA has extended the renewal term to five years after a decade of successful collaboration.

Aligning with OSHA's Goals
Renewal of the alliance is far from a formality. Smurr explained that OSHA has a process and a number of program development exercises that have to be completed, following which a multi-level review is conducted. "We have added value to our members through the generation of OSHA-related products, such as safety guides and tip sheets relevant to the products they produce, while the sharing of information and promotion of best practice methods has enhanced safety in the workplace, which aligns with OSHA's end goals," he explained.

"The alliance adds great mileage to our product-related safety messages," Becker said. "We track the number of content downloads from the OSHA Alliance website and not only are they impressive in number, we are confident that this information is being sought—and found—by end users of overhead lifting equipment, which are target recipients."

He added, "This is an important milestone in the history of the MHI's overhead lifting product groups' alliance with the enforcer of safety and health legislation. The OSHA alliance and the content initiatives it drives have become an increasingly integral part of our membership meetings, and the renewal of the alliance is tremendous recognition of the positive impact of our endeavors."

Josh Arwood, president of Ace Industries, offered another perspective from a CMAA member company: "The CHM Alliance represents an avenue for CMAA, HMI and MMA members to provide industry-specific guidance related to OSHA with the express purpose of improving worker safety when using overhead lifting equipment. As many workers use overhead cranes and hoists without proper training, the alliance provides targeted training material for business owners, managers, and operators that is approved by OSHA."

Arwood joined Becker, Smurr and others at the latest signing ceremony. "The alliance, while specific to the overhead lifting industry, provides a roadmap to other [MHI] industry groups who are interested in partnering with OSHA to raise awareness of best practices for safe operation of their equipment," Arwood said. "We recognize that, when faced with budget cuts, OSHA was forced to evaluate the effectiveness of all existing alliances. We take great satisfaction from the fact that not only was the CHM Alliance deemed effective in this evaluation, it was extended for five more years."

"The alliance will focus more in the coming years on industry outreach and education opportunities. We even hope to have them as a presenter for the CHM groups at a future meeting," Smurr said.

Driving Change
Arwood noted that a commitment to positive change in the long term has been prevalent from the outset. "All new endeavors take time to find their footing," he said. "In this case, with three industry groups [CMAA, HMI, MMA] approaching the alliance in somewhat different ways, overall progress was hard to see. Even with those headwinds, the CHM Alliance developed over 30 safety documents related to the crane and hoist industry."

The CHM Alliance provides several kinds of safety documents providing information on the recognition and prevention of workplace hazards. In a recent development, the CHM Alliance has begun to package sets of these documents to answer three questions:

  • As a business owner, executive, or upper level manager, why is this topic important to me?
  • As a safety manager or person conducting training at my facility, how can I effectively teach this concept to people who use the equipment?
  • As a worker who uses the equipment, what are the key things I need to remember from this training?

"Ultimately," Arwood said, "the sets can be used in toolbox-type safety meetings. Safety professionals are always looking for content to use when training workers at their facilities. Who better to provide training for overhead cranes, hoists and monorails than the leading manufacturers in the country? In the coming years, users of overhead lifting equipment will see training materials designed to teach them about the products they use every day. In the U.S., it takes a year with a learner's permit before you are even eligible to drive a car without supervision. There are all kinds of training materials available for drivers during this year of training. However, in the overhead lifting industry, there is not enough content available to help companies properly train their workers. The CHM Alliance is there to help fill this void.

"This alliance is a fantastic example of hard work starting to pay off," continued Arwood, who expanded the automative analogy: "OSHA specifications for cranes, hoists, and monorails have essentially remained unchanged for about 50 years," he said. "Could you imagine if safety standards for motorized vehicles did not include information about current technology such as hands free phones or GPS systems? Now, imagine that the safety standards also do not include information about power locks and windows or power steering. Lastly, imagine they only cover standard combustion engine cars, not even mentioning motorcycles, trucks, buses, or electric cars. Hard to imagine, but that is how narrow the OSHA specifications were for overhead cranes, hoists, and monorails. The fact that OSHA wants input from the CHM Alliance is a testament to the hard work of all the participants over the past decade. Also, I believe it is an indication that OSHA sees the alliance as their trusted adviser as they work to champion worker safety."

Becker also sees CMAA providing an increasingly advisory role. "During our conversations with Dr. Michaels at OSHA following the signing ceremony, we were given a very clear indication of the strength of our partnership and the opportunities moving forward," he said. "I was particularly encouraged by the prospect of participating in activity at the OSHA Training Institute, where field inspectors develop their knowledge and understanding. To have such an important role to play in the safety of industry moving forward is tremendously invigorating."

OSHA originally established an Alliance Program in March 2002 to enable organizations committed to safety and health to work with OSHA to prevent injuries, illnesses, and fatalities in the workplace. The purpose of each alliance is to develop compliance assistance tools and resources and to educate workers and employers about their rights and responsibilities. Alliance Program participants do not receive exemptions from OSHA inspections or any other enforcement benefits.

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