Three types of walls—insulated walls, non-insulated units, and washdown curtains—are used to support food quality and safety initiatives.
- By Matt Fleckenstein
- Dec 01, 2009
Ensuring food quality and safety oft en means the need to alter the physical space in plant or warehouse facilities, especially when temperature and humidity control is at stake. It's an unfortunate prospect for many because the traditional way of thinking is to take on costly and time-consuming construction projects involving solid insulated walls and/or rigid panelized structures. But it's time to move beyond traditional thinking and think fabric walls, which save money and allow users to quickly get a handle on climate control issues that threaten food quality and safety.
Sometimes called "curtain walls" or "soft walls," fabric wall systems are very similar to solid walls in that they define and protect an area. As the name implies, however, fabric walls are very different from traditional solid walls, or rigid panelized systems, because they're not considered permanent structures. As such, they can be quickly and easily installed, dismantled, and re-installed, all of which lends itself to a high degree of flexibility. Fabric walls also do things that traditional walls can't, which is particularly advantageous when dealing with temperature and humidity control issues.
A fabric wall can be used in place of a conventional wall in virtually any non-load-bearing application. The walls can be installed as stationary systems or sliding units. Stationary walls can be affixed to existing building structures (such as ceiling joists), or custom metal frameworks can be constructed. Sliding walls operate on a track and trolley system. The fabrics used to form the actual walls differ in materials and properties, allowing them to be precisely matched to the application.
The operating environment and a host of site-specific factors dictate the type of fabric wall and configuration best suited for a given situation.
In the world of food quality and safety, fabric walls are ideal for temperature separation and humidity control, yet they're equally well suited to address a number of other industry issues. Three basic types of walls used to support food quality and safety initiatives are insulated walls, non-insulated units, and washdown curtains. The walls can be used separately or together as a cohesive system.
Insulated fabric walls are designed for temperature separation. A variety of insulated fabric walls, each with specific insulating properties, are available to match the level of temperature separation needed. Technically advanced systems off er temperature separation up to 40 degrees F (22 degrees C). As an example, items can be stored at 45 degrees F on one side of the wall and have ambient 85 degrees F on the other, or frozen products at -12 degrees F on one side and 28 degrees F on the other side. The ability to achieve separation up to 40 degrees F is a recent innovation that sets a new standard in fabric wall capabilities.
Non-insulated walls are used in situations that don't call for temperature separation or heat containment. They're typically used to separate the interiors of large processing operations and warehouses into smaller, separate zones. They are ideal for addressing issues related to odor and contaminants.
On processing lines, washdown curtains isolate production lines during washdown procedures. The curtain itself is typically constructed with vinyl material in compliance with USDA requirements. The vinyl material also withstands harsh washdown detergents and chemicals. The wall systems use stainless steel tracks and trolley systems to slide the curtain in and out of position.
Aside from the type of fabric walls available, there are virtually no limits to how the innovative systems can be configured. It's a matter of deciding where the walls provide the most value and most appropriate design.
The main advantages of fabric walls are simplicity and flexibility, both of which contribute to cost savings. Simplicity and flexibility also equate to agility, which is essential when the goal is to quickly gain control over issues that threaten food quality and safety. The same holds true when industry changes drive the need to adapt processing and storage areas.
The reality is that a traditional wall built with wood and drywall is a permanent structure. As such, the planning and work that goes into demolishing traditional walls and building new ones is oft en complicated and costly. Building permits are also typically required, which slows the process. Many food companies also affix Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) panels to the walls to aid in cleaning the wall surface. However, the installation process is cumbersome and time consuming.
Another traditional method used to define space and obtain temperature separation involves the use of Insulated Metal Panel (IMP) systems. As with traditional walls, demolition and construction of IMP systems oft en involves multiple steps. Like traditional walls, panel systems also require a concrete curb around the base of the wall to protect against damage caused by materials handling equipment. The curbing adds considerable cost to any project, whether it's to cover work to demolish an existing curb or additional labor and materials to construct the new curb.
An additional consideration related to walls is tied to the racking used to store food ingredients and finished products. The need to remove racks to make room for the construction of traditional walls or panel systems, as well as the need to reinstall the racks upon project completion, adds significant time and cost.
When compared with traditional walls and most panel systems, fabric walls are typically easier and faster to design and install for a number of reasons. Oft en, insulated and non-insulated fabric walls attach directly to the existing building structures, so minimal installation steps are involved. Other times, the walls use a lightweight metal framework to support the fabric curtains. The frames of the most advanced models are designed to ensure ease of assembly and disassembly. Building permits are usually not required.
And fabric walls do not require curbing. Instead, the walls are able to withstand most forklift impacts without experiencing the kind of catastrophic damage that occurs with permanent structures. The result is time and cost savings, which is in addition to a smaller footprint. The walls also can be installed in the flues of racking, eliminating the need to remove and re-install the racks.
Ensuring Climate Control
Whether it's a processing operation, cooler/ freezer environment, or dry warehouse, the bottom line with flexible fabric walls is the ability to gain optimal climate control. The importance of doing so cannot be understated, given the importance of closely regulating temperature and humidity levels in virtually any industrial food operation.
Some of the most common climate control challenges include floor plans with rooms and spaces that are difficult to heat or cool; improperly designed HVAC systems that don't maintain proper temperatures and/or ensure sufficiently condition air; coolers and freezers that struggle to hold items at proper temperatures; pressurized space that loses pressure, resulting in temperature and humidity fluctuations; and increased temperature and humidity levels caused by washdowns with high-pressure sprayers. Problems with washdowns also include the potential for chemicals and contaminants to filter into adjacent production lines because of overspray.
Other food quality concerns involve unwanted air transference. One such problem occurs when the odor of raw ingredients or finished products infiltrates other ingredients or products. A similar problem is when food dust or contaminants find their way into mixing and production areas.
Using fabric walls to solve climate control issues is a matter of creativity because each problem is unique. The walls can be designed to:
- Create separate zones for precise control of temperatures and humidity levels within specific areas of the plant.
- Isolate temperature- and humidity-sensitive areas from other areas of the plant to boost the efficiencies of HVAC systems, while also ensuring proper climate control.
- Subdivide cooler and freezer space for tighter control of items kept at separate temperatures (Δ up to 40 degrees F/22 degrees C).
- Partition cooler and freezer space to boost the efficiency of the refrigerant system and avoid dangerous temperature fluctuations.
- Gain control of temperature and humidity levels at the loading dock with separate, temperature-controlled staging areas.
- Introduce barriers in processing and storage areas to prevent the loss of pressurized air.
- Prevent unwanted air transference, which, in turn, minimizes problems associated with food dust and contaminants.
- Prevent overspray during washdowns and keep a lid on temperature and humidity levels resulting from washdown procedures.
- Separate food ingredients and finished products from production process and/ or other ingredients and products to prevent the transference and/or absorption of odors.
- Protect against the infiltration of pests with specially designed dock enclosures.
In addition to tackling pressing issues related to climate control and the like, fabric walls also contribute to food quality and safety measures by virtue of their flexibility. Just one example is the need to adjust to changes in food trends and fads. Fabric walls facilitate changeovers, ensuring quality and safety goals remain uncompromised.
The common thread with fabric walls is the ability to address climate control issues without delay, which is essential since challenges associated with food quality and safety require immediate attention more oft en than not. With flexible fabric walls, there's no reason to let challenges related to climate control or other issues associated with a facility's interior space stand in the way of food quality and safety.
This article originally appeared in the December 2009 issue of Occupational Health & Safety.