The analysis of heavy truck accidents in Europe showed truckers are seldom at fault for injury accidents.

EU Study Confirms Truckers Cause Few Accidents

Accident reconstruction experts examined 624 injury accidents in seven European countries involving at least one heavy truck. Truckers caused 25 percent of the ones linked to human error, they concluded.

The most striking conclusion of a new study of heavy-truck injury accidents in Europe is that fatigue was a main cause in only 6 percent of the 624 accidents studied by the experts, and nearly 90 percent of the time when fatigue was a main cause, the accidents occurred on highways or interurban roads. Fatigue as an accident cause is a minor factor in cities, the study's authors report.

The report was the subject of a presentation given during the 12th World Conference on Transport Research in Lisbon, Portugal, July 12-15.

The European Truck Accident Causation study launched by the European Commission and the International Road Transport Union used accident reconstruction experts to examine accidents in seven European countries -- France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and Spain -- that involved at least one truck with a gross weight above 3.5 tons and resulted in at least one injury. The teams collected information, using a standardized questionnaire, about 3,000 parameters involving infrastructure, vehicles, and human factors and ultimately studied 624 accidents.

Human error by a trucker, car driver, pedestrian, etc. was a main cause of the accident 85.2 percent of the time. The trucker was the cause in 25 percent of those human error-caused accidents. The report breaks down the accidents according to their circumstances -- single vehicle, at intersection, with a vehicle leaving a parking space, etc. -- and found some interesting patterns.

  • Five types accounted for 85.8 percent of the accidents: at intersection, in a queue of vehicles, due to a lane departure, during an overtaking maneuver, single-truck accident.
  • Two times of day were identified as being crucial for accidents in which fatigue was the main cause. Most happened between 2 a.m. and 2:59 a.m., "probably the time when the driver's biorhythm is at a low point," the report states, and from 3 p.m. to 3:50 p.m., "when it is near the end of the working day."
  • Fatigue was the main cause in only 6 percent of the accidents, but 37 percent of the accidents in which it was the main cause were fatality accidents.
  • Factors involving a truck's load -- loss of load, overloaded, unbalanced load, insufficient safety measures with regard to the load -- were a main cause of only nine accidents, 1.4 percent of the total, but the study showed load factors can contribute to the severity of an accident.

Failure to adapt speed to the conditions, for truckers as well as other motorists, and failure to observe intersection rules were identified as frequent main causes. The report recommends effective signs and warnings, increased speeding enforcement, awareness campaigns about speeding and safe distances, adaptive cruise control, and even revising driving schools' material to help new drivers understand truck maneuvers.

Product Showcase

  • Preventative Heat Safety

    Dehydration and heat exposure impair physical and cognitive performance. Proper hydration boosts heat stress resilience, but hydration needs are highly individualized and hard to predict across a workforce. Connected Hydration® empowers industrial athletes to stay safe through behavioral interventions, informed by sports science, and equips safety teams with critical insights to anticipate high-risk situations and adapt to evolving environmental factors. Curious about applying the latest in sports science based hydration strategies for industrial athletes? Stop by booth #1112 at AIHA or schedule a free demo today at https://epcr.cc/demo. Read More

  • Magid® D-ROC® GPD412 21G Ultra-Thin Polyurethane Palm Coated Work Gloves

    Magid’s 21G line is more than just a 21-gauge glove, it’s a revolutionary knitting technology paired with an advanced selection of innovative fibers to create the ultimate in lightweight cut protection. The latest offering in our 21G line provides ANSI A4 cut resistance with unparalleled dexterity and extreme comfort that no other 21-gauge glove on the market can offer! Read More

  • AirChek Connect Sampling Pump

    Stay connected to your sampling with the SKC AirChek® Connect Sampling Pump! With its Bluetooth connection to PC and mobile devices, you can monitor AirChek Connect pump operation without disrupting workflow. SKC designed AirChek Connect specifically for all OEHS professionals to ensure accurate, reliable flows from 5 to 5000 ml/min and extreme ease of use. AirChek Connect offers easy touch screen operation and flexibility. It is quality built to serve you and the workers you protect. Ask about special pricing and a demo at AIHA Connect Booth 1003. Read More

Featured

Webinars