January 2004


Features

The Three Cs . . .

By Michael G. Dermer

WORK site safety and safety awareness are integral to success. When safety programs are made part of the broader organizational culture that rewards performance, successful safety programs do more than stem the financial and human resource loss.


Eight Steps to Selecting Health & Safety Software

By David S. Risi, CIH, CSP, CHMM

HUNDREDS of H&S software applications are available; choosing the one that can best address your needs can be a difficult process. During the past 17 years, I have seen a variety of procedures used to select software.


Positive Strokes Lead to Safer Folks

By Eileen Dedrick Torok, Peggy Carter-Ward

ARE you looking for a way to increase employee involvement in safety activities and training? Incentive programs can motivate employees to follow safety-related rules, complete required or recommended training, or participate in safety-related activities such as safety committees.


Keep These Glove Selection Issues in Mind

By Elizabeth Spevack

SAFETY is a key concern for many companies, and so many businesses make substantial investments in various forms of protective apparel and equipment for the eyes, head, hands, arms, and feet. This article will focus on the factors to consider when selecting hand protection for a particular task.


Safety Incentives: Myths and Realities

By Dennis R. Downing, Dr. J. Renae Norton

DO safety incentive programs work? This is a multimillion-dollar question when you consider the costs that unsafe practices can have for your organization. The simple answer is, it depends primarily on the focus of your safety program and secondarily on how well you implement your incentive program.


Unnatural Accumulation of Ice: An Engineer's Perspective

By Steven Zebich, S.E., P.E.

THIS is the time of year when we at Packer Engineering are often asked to investigate personal injury claims involving that old nemesis of the Great White North: "Unnatural Accumulation of Ice!" In the Midwest, we have to live with ice and snow as a regular part of our existence, and we know when traversing the slippery fields of frozen delights, one must traverse with a bit more care than in the middle of August.


Seed-Based Metalworking Fluid

By Frederick M. Spina, CSP, CPCU, REM

DURING the past 45 years, the metalworking production capacity of the United States has increased dramatically because of innovative changes in equipment technology. Machining, tools, and measuring instrumentation deliver lower tolerances that create finer lines of acceptance or rejection between profit and waste.


The New Form 300

By Jerry Laws

THE Occupational Safety & Health Administration published its revised Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses, Form 300, in October 2003. The most important change on the form and its companion summary, Form 300A, is the addition of a fourth specific illness column for hearing loss cases. The revision takes effect in January 2004.


Advanced Safety Mat Guarding

By F. Gary Kovac

HAZARDOUS areas in manufacturing facilities require a device to protect workers from injury. A popular machine guarding solution is a safety mat system that, when stepped on, initiates a stop signal, preventing injury that may be caused by a piece of hazardous equipment.


Two-Fisted Mousing:

By James Golden, CAE

SO many millions of personal computers have been sold over the past two decades, each with only one mouse, that most people think single-mouse operation is natural. Although it has become, by default, the norm, it is not necessarily natural.


Curbing OSHA's Egregious Penalty Policy

By Matthew J. Gilligan, Charles H. Morgan

RECENTLY, the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission handed down a decision that limits OSHA's use of its per-instance/per-employee "egregious penalty" policy. The decision in Secretary of Labor v. Erik K. Ho, Ho Express, Inc., and Houston Fruitland, Inc.,1 comes just months after OSHA announced its new "enhanced enforcement policy," which implements new tactics to crack down on the worst violators of the OSH Act.


Strategies for Preventing Manual Handling Injury

By Chris Vanhoven

EACH year, injuries caused by manual materials handling are a significant cost to industry in terms of medical costs and lost productivity.


Which Respirators Best Fit Your Emergency Escape Plans?

By John B. Vincent, Q.S.S.P.

DETERMINING which respirators best fit your emergency escape plans may be one of the most critical steps you can take to ensure employees have the best chance for escape from a terrorist situation, natural disaster, or industrial accident.


Defusing the Explosive Worker

By Irving G. Jacob

VIOLENCE has emerged as an important safety and health issue in today's workplaces. Homicide, its most extreme form, is the second-leading cause of fatal occupational injuries in the United States. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 709 workplace homicides occurred in 1998, accounting for 12 percent of the total 6,026 fatal work injuries in the United States.


Creative Solutions--Not Just Problems

By Robert Brown, CIH, CSP, CHMM

WHEN I first became an EHS manager, I thought I knew most of what I needed to know as a professional (during the years since then, I have found out just how much I didn't know), but I would, somewhat infrequently, seek help from an external consultant either to confirm my thoughts or to provide creative solutions for the "opportunities" I had identified.


Departments

Are You Hiring Terrorists?

By Louis Rovner, Ph.D.

THOUSANDS of terrorists call the United States home. It has been estimated that hundreds of terrorist sleeper cells are scattered throughout our country, waiting for orders and instructions.


One-Stop Shopping

By Valerie Weadock

IT'S a supercenter world. Stores that sell fishing tackle, car tires, lamps, and apples only aisles apart are thriving. These retailers may tout lower prices and friendly service, but if you ask customers why they shop at these locations, you'll hear one answer again and again--convenience.


MWF: Another Long, Hard Slog

By Jerry Laws

SUING someone seems like a sudden act, an angry impulse, but of course most lawsuits are the opposite. Case in point: the suit filed by the United Auto Workers and the United Steelworkers of America against Labor Secretary Elaine Chao and OSHA. Metalworking fluid exposures have concerned the UAW for many years.