The two DOT agencies are conducting audits, and PHMSA is making unannounced inspections, to ensure railroads

North Dakota Sets Rules for Making Oil Safer to Transport

The North Dakota Industrial Commission on Dec. 9 issued an order spelling out conditioning standards that all wells must use, effective April 1, 2015, "to improve the marketability and safe transportation" of Bakken crude oil.

The North Dakota Industrial Commission on Dec. 9 concluded a hearing that began in September 2014 by issuing an order that lists conditioning standards that all wells must use, effective April 1, 2015, "to improve the marketability and safe transportation" of Bakken crude oil. Bakken crude was the cargo of the train that derailed, exploded, and burned in Lac-Megantic, Quebec, prompting action by Canadian and U.S. transportation authorities.

The order lists more than 30 representatives of energy companies and trade associations who submitted oral or written comments for the record; the commission had sought testimony about issues that included typical operating temperature, pressure, and retention time of gas/liquid separators and treaters; capital costs of typical gas/liquid separator and treating equipment; and field operation methods to effectively reduce the light hydrocarbons in crude oil.

The order says all wells completed in the Bakken Petroleum System must be produced using a "gas-liquid separator and/or emulsion heater-treater of ample capacity and in good working order that effectively separates the production into gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons," and that it must be operated with the manufacturer's recommended operating limits. Production facilities using this equipment at a pressure of no more than 50 psi on the final stage of separation prior to the crude oil storage tanks must heat the produced fluids to a temperature of no less than 110 degrees Fahrenheit, it states.

The order also lists practices that now will be prohibited, including blending crude oil from the Bakken Petroleum System with liquids recovered from gas pipelines prior to custody transfer and also blending crude oil from the Bakken Petroleum System with natural gas liquids prior to custody transfer.

It says the operator of any transload rail facility must notify the state if it discovers any crude oil received from the Bakken Petroleum System that violates federal crude oil safety standards.

Download Center

  • OSHA Recordkeeping Guide

    In case you missed it, OSHA recently initiated an enforcement program to identify employers who fail to electronically submit Form 300A recordkeeping data to the agency. When it comes to OSHA recordkeeping, there are always questions regarding the requirements and ins and outs. This guide is here to help! We’ll explain reporting, recording, and online reporting requirements in detail.

  • Incident Investigations Guide

    If your organization has experienced an incident resulting in a fatality, injury, illness, environmental exposure, property damage, or even a quality issue, it’s important to perform an incident investigation to determine how this happened and learn what you can do to prevent similar incidents from happening in the future. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps of performing an incident investigation.

  • Lone Worker Guide

    Lone workers exist in every industry and include individuals such as contractors, self-employed people, and those who work off-site or outside normal hours. These employees are at increased risk for unaddressed workplace accidents or emergencies, inadequate rest and breaks, physical violence, and more. To learn more about lone worker risks and solutions, download this informative guide.

  • Job Hazard Analysis Guide

    This guide includes details on how to conduct a thorough Job Hazard Analysis, and it's based directly on an OSHA publication for conducting JHAs. Download the guide to learn how to identify potential hazards associated with each task of a job and set controls to mitigate hazard risks.

  • The Basics of Incident Investigations Webinar

    Without a proper incident investigation, it becomes difficult to take preventative measures and implement corrective actions. Watch this on-demand webinar for a step-by-step process of a basic incident investigation, how to document your incident investigation findings and analyze incident data, and more. 

  • Vector Solutions

OH&S Digital Edition

  • OHS Magazine Digital Edition - November December 2022

    November December 2022

    Featuring:

    • IH: GAS DETECTION
      The Evolution of Gas Detection
    • OSHA TOP 10
      OSHA's Top 10 Most Frequently Cited Standards for FY 2022
    • FALL PROTECTION
      Enhance Your Fall Protection Program with Technology
    • 90TH ANNIVERSARY
      The Future: How Safety WIll Continue to Evolve
    View This Issue