DHS Releases National Preparedness Guidelines

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) recently announced publication of two new tools to organize and synchronize national efforts to strengthen preparedness: (1) the National Preparedness Guidelines (NPG), which establish a vision for national preparedness and provide a systematic approach for prioritizing preparedness efforts across the nation; and (2) the Target Capabilities List (TCL), which describes the collective national capabilities required to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies.

"The National Preparedness Guidelines and Target Capabilities List are the culmination of extensive efforts to define the specific plans and capabilities our nation must possess in order to address catastrophic threats," said Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff. "These documents will help focus policy, planning, and investments at all levels of government and the private sector in order to strengthen our collective capabilities and better prepare for major incidents."

DHS says publication of the NPG and TCL are meant to fulfill a major component of Homeland Security Presidential Directive 8, "National Preparedness," and establishes a framework for understanding what it means for the nation to be prepared for all hazards. There are four critical elements to the NPG:

  • The national preparedness vision, which provides a concise statement of the core preparedness goal for the nation.
  • The 15 National Planning Scenarios (NPS), which collectively depict the broad range of natural and man-made threats facing the nation and guides overall homeland security planning efforts at all levels of government and with the private sector. They form the basis for national planning, training, investments, and exercises needed to prepare for emergencies of all types.
  • Universal Task List (UTL), which is a menu of approximately 1,600 unique tasks that can facilitate efforts to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from the major events that are represented by the NPS. Although no single entity will perform every task, the UTL presents a common language and vocabulary that supports all efforts to coordinate national preparedness activities.
  • TCL, which defines 37 specific capabilities that states, communities, and the private sector should collectively develop in order to respond effectively to disasters. Developed through an extensive process that involved more than 1,500 federal, state, and local officials, and more than 120 national associations, the guidelines replace the Interim NPG issued on March 31, 2005. They also integrate lessons learned following Hurricane Katrina and a 2006 review of states' and major cities' emergency operations and evacuation plans.

For more information, visit www.dhs.gov.

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